Anna Livia Plurabelle – Character in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. Wife of HCE. Personification of the River Liffey, Dublin.
Algorithm – an algorithm is a set of steps for solving a problem. For example, a recipe is an algorithm. In computing algorithms are used for calculation, data processing and automated reasoning.
Argus Panoptes – 100 eyed giant in Greek mythology. Guardian of the nymph Lo. Argus was lulled to sleep and then slain by Hermes, so that Zeus could reclaim Lo.
Jeremy Bentham – British philosopher and social reformer (1748 – 1832). Designer of the institutional building design ‘Panopticon’. This building design concept is constructed so that the staff can observe inmates without them being able to tell whether they are being watched or not. No Panopticon was built during his lifetime, but his concept has resonated since, for example in Michel Foucault’s ‘Discipline and Punish’ (1975). Jeremy Bentham’s mummified head can be viewed at University College London.
Enid Blyton – English children’s novelist (1897-1968). Novels include ‘The Famous Five’ about the adventures of Julian, Dick, Anne, George and Timmy the dog.
Broken Eagle – is a redraw by Close and Remote of the original font used in Eagle comics and books. For more information on the font contact email@example.com.
Charon – In Greek mythology Charon is the boatman of Hades, carrying recently deceased souls across the River Styx. Coins were placed in the mouths of the dead to pay the boatman.
DoS – Denial of Service. In computing a Denial of Service attack is an attempt to disrupt a machine or network and make it unavailable to users. An example of this is the hacker group Anonymous who launched a DoS attack in 2010 on Paypal, Mastercard and Visa after they cut off their services to WikiLeaks, in connection with the Chelsea Manning documents.
Daily Mail – a British tabloid newspaper, first published in 1896. The Mail Online’s ‘sidebar of shame’ gives real time updates on scandal and gossip emanating from politicians, actors and the general public.
Philip K Dick – American novelist (1928-1982) whose novels include ‘A Scanner Darkly’, ‘Ubik’ and ‘The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch’.
The Eagle – was a comic published from 1950 until 1969. It was founded by John Marcus Harston Morris (1915–1989), an Anglican vicar from Lancashire. Artists who devised for the comic included Frank Hampson (1918-1985), who was responsible for Dan Dare. The styling for ‘Here Comes Everybody’ draws on the 1950′s Eagle comic.
GCHQ – Government Communications Headquarters in Cheltenham. Their motto is ‘Automate, Collaborate, Measure, Monitor’.
Emma Goldman – Russian born American anarchist (1869-1940). A radical and vocal advocate of freedom of expression, women’s equality, radical education and workers rights. Once described as “the most dangerous woman in America”.
Antonio Gramsci – Italian marxist and political theorist (1891-1937). He theorised that the capitalist ruling classes promoted their own values and norms so that they became considered ‘common sense’ values for all. The working classes therefore equated their own success with the values of the ruling classes. Thus ensuring status quo rather than revolution, was maintained. ‘Gramsci Way’ in Bellingham, Lewisham, was named after Gramsci by the local priest, Father Paul Butler, whose current parish is St Pauls, Deptford.
HAL – (Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer) is a sentient computer and fictional character in Arthur C Clarke’s Space Odyssey series. Also portrayed on screen in Stanley Kubrick’s ’2001: A Space Odyssey’.
HCE – Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker. Character in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. Husband of ALP.
Here Comes Everybody – the title of this project comes from Finnegans Wake. ‘Here Comes Everybody’ is also the title of a non-fiction work by Clay Shirky, looking at how social interaction is being shaped by technology and vice versa. It is also the title of a memoir of The Pogues by James Fearnley.
Habeas Data – is a constitutional writ designed to protect, in court, the privacy of personal data.
Boris Johnson – Current Mayor of London. In 2009 he helped out at a river clean up event at the River Pool.
Lampposts – The lampposts that line the Riverwalk are numbered. They start at 001 at the Southend Lane entrance to the walk, and by the time you get to the bridge where the Rivers Pool and Ravensbourne meet, you will have reached lamppost 065. The lampposts are digitally networked.
River Liffey – is the river running through Dublin and featured in Finnegans Wake. Tributaries include Shankill, Ballylow, Poddle, Dodder.
Live well longer for less – the current brand strapline for Sainsburys supermarkets.
Marshall McLuhan – Canadian media theorist (1911-1980). Famous for coining the phrases ‘the medium is the message’ and ‘the global village’. “We see the world through a rear-view mirror. We march backwards into the future.”
NSA – National Security Agency. US intelligence agency tasked with global data collection and analysis. Former notable employees include Edward Snowden. Their motto is ‘Defending our Nation. Securing our Future’.
George Orwell – English novelist (1903-1950). ‘Animal Farm’ (“Four legs good, two legs bad”) and ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ (Winston Smith) feature in the narrative.
Parakeets – flocks of parakeets reside in Lewisham. Thought to be domestic pets escaped and gone wild. Thousands of them roost at the Hither Green Cemetery.
River Pool – is the river running through the boroughs of Croydon, Bromley and Lewisham and onto the Thames at Greenwich. Tributaries include the Chaffinch and the Beck.
Save-U-Centre – The current Sainsburys Superstore in Sydenham was formally known as ‘Sava-Centre’, a name it is still known by locally. The words ‘Sava-Centre’ can be faintly seen, from the air, on Sainsbury’s roof.
Tagging –The novel Finnegans Wake can be viewed as a precursor to the internet. This is not only through Joyce’s cyclical and non-hierarchical view of history, but also through his use of ‘tagging’. The initials of his main characters HCE and ALP are reused throughout the novel, drawing attention to particular phrases – Howth Castle and Environs, A Loose Past, Here Comes Everybody, As Leisure Paces etc.
UGS – User Generated Surveillance. Social media enables you to share your personal data continuously, all the time, to everyone, forever.
Giambattista Vico – Italian philosopher and historian (1668-1744). In his most famous work ‘The New Science’ (1725) Vico developed a cyclic theory of history. Suggesting that history repeats itself, adding new steps to old ones, moving round and back again through three phases – the age of gods; the age of heroes; and the age of reason. Vico’s theory underpins the structure of Finnegans Wake.
Work in Progress – Instalments from Finnegans Wake were first published in the literary journals ‘Transatlantic Review’ and ‘Transition’ under the title “Fragments from Work in Progress”.